Artificial Intelligence

AI startups

Posted by on January 20, 2016

Artificial Intelligence Startups

Artificial Intelligence is a research field where people attempt to reproduce complex behaviors/features often associated to intelligence in a computer system. The behaviors and features can relate, but not limited to: learning, ability to infer and/or project, adaptability, vision, natural language processing. Quite often people name a piece of  software resulting using AI techniques as an AI itself. As of now there's no technique showing any sign to be anywhere close to reach what is called human level intelligence (or even Artificial General Intelligent: i.e. an AI that is not tied to a specific class of problem). Some people (researchers and otherwise) believe that such goal is within our reach using a unique technique (for example Artificial Neural Network), others believe that this will be better achieve by composing multiple techniques and let then interact  in a well designed software architecture, others finally thinks this goal is still far if even possible. ob_7c5079_rethinking-industries[1] Startups in Artificial Intelligence domain (in the pic above) Artificial intelligence (AI) will transform the world later this century. When people talk about ‘volcanic’ changes in ‘AI’ they are talking about one particular field of technology: Machine Learning (and Deep Learning). Machine Learning is a very literal description of the technology it describes, that is a program written to learn and adapt. The pioneering technology within this field is the neural network (NN), which mimics (to a very rudimentary level) the pattern recognition abilities of the human brain by processing thousands or even millions of data points. Pattern recognition is pivotal in terms of intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence has been the topic de jour lately with every corner of intellectual thought sounding in on the perils, and the potential rewards, of synthesizing a machine intelligence that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human can. Elon Musk, Bill Gates and even Stephen Hawking have all suggested that an AI with this sort of general intelligence (also known as Strong AI or Full AI) could bring about an apocalypse that sees an end to human civilization, or even an end to the human race.

There’s no doubt that Strong AI is the subject of intense research by DARPA, MIT, Berkeley, IBM, Google and many others. But it’s hard not to notice that despite all the anxiety, Strong AI today lives only in the imagination of science fiction writers and in the hopes and dreams of research scientist. At the prestigious “Future of AI” conference in San Juan this January, the estimates for when an AI might emerge vacillated wildly from 5 years to a hundred years in our future — its variables are that unknown.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is sometimes distinguished from Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) because the term intelligence is used so often in marketing and design of technology. Anything programmable can arguably be referred to as 'intelligent', since, for example, a thermostat which you have to manually adjust is 'dumb' compared to one which can store a week's worth of times and temperatures. A credit card with an embedded chip that stores data and runs applications is a 'smart card' in comparison to a card that lacks any chip.

Over time, the machines have gotten better at more complex tasks such as data mining, financial modeling, drug discovery, DNA sequencing and even driving cars! Not only have they gotten better over time, they have been able to outperform humans at many of these tasks. They will replace humans at most of these tasks in the near future. In fact, a studies estimate that 47% of jobs in USA and 34% of the jobs in UK are at risk of being lost forever to machines.

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